Counselling describes an applied psychology which helps to improve a client’s well being, alleviate distress, resolve crisis and increase human ability to solve problems as well as creativity generate new ideas to create wealth through entrepreneurial practices in the specific and related contexts. Counselling psychologists utilize scientific approaches in the development of solutions to a variety of human difficulties, stresses and challenges in the developmental, intrapersonal, interpersonal, career, HIV/AIDS/STIS and other environmental forces. Counselling psychologists engage in services which help the variety of their clients to learn from an intentional interactive processes at the individual, family and group levels solving problems of the cognitive, social and economic nature. Counselling may involve the helper in the resolution of specific issues such as decision making, improving awareness, working to broaden perceptions in a way to enhance peoples’ creativity, innovation, and entrepreneurial skills that generate significant success skills. Counselling is certainly one of the most recent tools for generating robust opportunity outcomes to better the human condition.

Steps in Counselling Success

Systematically counseling usually involves the following steps:

  • Assessment or definition of chart’s problem
  • Design and development of appropriate counseling strategies
  • Counselling through the use of the skills of interviewing for empowerment
  • Learning to be creative, innovative and entrepreneurial in job creation, wealth creation, new product or service development
  • Use of creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship as ingredients of success
  • Development of character ethics such as trust, honesty, authencity, genuineness, fairness sincerity and empathy
  • Human empowerment through mentoring/coaching
  • Continuous Quality Teaching
  • Programme evaluation
  • Involving people in Active Directive Learning
  • Follow up and continuing education

Types of Counselling

While the present section is specifically designed to amplify the skills inherent in personnel counseling for managers, it is important that readers also know that co unseling is not a unitary practice. There are many other types of counseling which got their labels from the type of client being treated, counselor skills, the problem handled and the purposes and objectives of counseling. From the above outlined arrangements emerges the various types of counseling such as:

  • Personal or psychological counseling in which a therapist deals with personal and psychological problems of clients including his overall life’s adjustment problems
  • Educational counseling describes counseling programmes designed to deal with the problems of learning, teaching and of education generally.
  • Vocational counseling describes advisory relationships planned to deal with the problems of selection, training for and adjustment to occupations, jobs and careers through which human dreams are achieved in life.
  • Marital counseling (including the pre-marital) deals with problems of selecting a marriage partner and of adjusting to married life
  • Leisure counseling deals with the complex problems of what individuals can do with their leisure hours including the complex issue of retirement.
  • Pastoral counseling deals with the problems of how to use religious methods to solve life’s problems
  • Community counseling: This describes a variety of counseling programmes that could be executed to solve the various human problems at different age levels within a community.
  • Developmental counseling. To help clients make developmental transition form one stage of growth to the other.
  • Remedial counseling. To remedy identified client’s problems.
  • Sex counseling: To help clients practice healthy reproductive behaviours.
  • Counselling the elderly: To support people as they age.
  • Substance abuse counseling. To prevent drug, alcohol and substance abuses.
  • Rehabilitation counseling: To help prisoners, impaired, and others get rehabilitated into society.
  • Personnel counseling: To use psychological and counseling skills at work.
  • Adolescent HIV/AIDS/STI prevention
  • Management of emotion counseling
  • Job creation counseling
  • Creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship counseling
  • Business success counseling
  • Retirement advisory counseling.